Takayasu’s arteritis is a rare inflammatory disease of unknown cause that affects the aorta and its branches and occurs mainly in teenagers and young women. The disease causes asymmetric pulse and symptoms and signs of arterial obstruction.
Although cases have been reported worldwide, the disease mainly affects the Asian population. The ratio of women to men is 8: 1, and the typical age of onset is between 15 and 30 years. Inflammation narrows the vascular lumen, and thrombosis may occur. In the late stages of evolution, the weakening of the arterial wall can lead to aneurysms. Takayasu’s arteritis can sometimes affect, in addition to the aorta and its branches, the coronary and pulmonary arteries.
Also known as IgA vasculitis, Henoch-Schoenlein purpura is a disease in which small blood vessels (capillaries) become inflamed. This inflammation is called vasculitis and usually affects the small blood vessels in the skin, intestines, and kidneys. Inflamed blood vessels can bleed into the skin, leading to a red-purple purpura rash. The vessels may also bleed in the intestine or kidneys, causing blood to flow in the stool or urine (haematuria). This condition can be mostly found in children between the ages of 5 and 15.
Wegener’s granulomatosis is a granulomatous vasculitis, of unknown cause, of the upper and lower respiratory tract along with glomerulonephritis. Other affected organs are the nervous system, eyes, ears, heart, and skin.
Symptoms of Wegener’s granulomatosis vary in nature and severity, with classic signs of the disease including rhinorrhea, nasal pain, nosebleeds, swelling of the middle ear, hearing loss, wheezing, inflammation of the eyes, joints, skin-erythema, and kidneys. Find some of the best treatments available at https://eccomedical.com/.