Uterine fibroids are benign pelvic tumors that grow from muscle tissue. They are non-cancerous and they can be removed laparoscopically. They can also be treated with GnRH agonists that lead to low levels of estrogen in the body and a menopause-like state.
Fibroids are caused by abnormal muscle cells that multiply rapidly under the influence of the estrogen hormone. Multiple fibroids can grow from the same uterine lining within a year. Most are undetectable, but others cause: abdominal pain, pelvic pressure, various complications, changes in the structure of the uterus, infertility, heavy menstrual bleeding, weight gain, bloating and hormonal imbalances.
Some fibroids have a stem-like structure. Some are like a grain of rice and others are like a melon. Fibroids can change sizes depending on estrogen levels. Moreover, there are two types of fibroids: sub-serosal and submucosal. The former grows outside of the uterus and can cause pain and pressure on organs. The latter grows underneath the uterine lining and can cause heavy bleeding.
There are many diagnostic tools and uterine fibroids Denver treatments that can improve the health of the uterus. There are non-invasive treatments that include non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and medications that can shrink fibroids. There are also more aggressive treatments such as myomectomy (that does not affect reproductive function) and hysterectomy (that causes permanent infertility).
Fibroids can be asymptomatic, but some can cause severe symptoms such as insufficient sleep at night, heavy periods and iron deficiency. Other symptoms include: distortion of the abdomen, prolonged periods, frequent urination, abdominal fullness, painful sex and lower back pain. Fibroids can also interfere with embryo implantation and they can lead to miscarriages and preterm labors or placental abruptions which, in turn, can require cesarean delivery.
Complications can also cause heart failure, kidney damage and abnormal abdominal swelling. The main females at risk of developing these complications are the overweight and African-American ones.
For the most part, uterine fibroids are not dangerous, but they cause discomfort, anemia, fatigue and heavy blood loss that can lead to blood transfusions. Moreover, fibroids can cause infertility, but early treatment can restore fertility in young women. Therefore, even though uterine fibroids can be harmless, they should not be ignored because they can cause serious reproductive issues.