The prostate is a gland located under the bladder. The tube carrying the urine from the bladder to the penis goes through the center of this gland. As the prostate enlarges, it causes problems. In most men, the prostate keeps growing throughout their life, and this continued enlargement generates urinary symptoms and may even block the urinary flow.
It is not clear what causes prostate enlargement. However, specialists consider that it is related to the modifications in the balance of sex hormones, which occurs as men get older.
Risk factors for prostate enlargement include:
- Enlargement of the prostate gland rarely causes symptoms in young men. About 1/3 of men experience at least moderate symptoms by the age of 60, and about half of them do so by the age of 80;
- Diabetes and heart disease. Studies show that these conditions as well as the use of beta-blockers may increase the risk of prostate enlargement.
- Obesity may increase the risk of prostate hyperplasia, while exercise may reduce it.
In addition to these factors, the family’s medical history may also play a role, according to Denver Interventional radiologist specialists. Having a blood relative (e.g., a father or brother) with enlarged prostate means that you are at a higher risk to develop such problems.